Results showed that Trp/Trp genotype of XRCC1 Arg194Trp and AA genotype of ERCC1 rs2336219 have a significantly increased risk of CRC; Trp allele of XRCC1 Arg194Trp and CC genotype of ERCC1 rs735482 were associated with lower response to oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, a shorter survival and a higher risk of relapse or metastasis.
Our results suggest an increased risk for CRC in individuals with XRCC1 Arg194Trp polymorphism suggesting BER repair pathway modulates the risk of developing colorectal cancer in the Kashmiri population.
In this work, we evaluated associations between the repair efficiency of oxidative DNA lesions and single-nucleotide polymorphisms of BER genes: the 194Trp/Arg and the 399Arg/Gln XRCC1, the 326Ser/Cys OGG1 and the 324Gln/His MUTYH and CRC occurrence in a Polish population.
Several potential functional polymorphisms in the DNA repair gene X-ray repair cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) Arg399Gln (rs25487), Arg194Trp (rs1799782), Arg280His (rs25489) and X-ray repair cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) T241M (rs861539) have been implicated in colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, but the results are conflicting.
Therefore, we examined the associations of XRCC1 Arg399Gln, Arg280His, and Arg194Trp polymorphisms with colorectal cancer and the impact of the association between alcohol consumption and colorectal cancer risk.
Comparing the CRC cases versus the controls the OR was 0.60 (95%CI 0.27-1.31) for the heterozygous polymorphic genotype of SNP rs1799782 and 1.47 (95%CI 0.81-2.65) for the homozygous polymorphic genotype of SNP rs25487.
Using a family-based study, we investigated the role of polymorphisms in 4 BER genes (APEX1 Gln51His, Asp148Glu; OGG1 Ser236Cys; PARP Val742Ala; and XRCC1 Arg194Trp, Arg280His, Arg399Gln) as potential CRC risk factors and modifiers of the association between diets high in red meat or poultry and CRC risk.