Logistic regression analysis after applying factorial design to the studied single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) revealed that homocysteine levels and heterozygous and mutant alleles at rs1801133, rs1805087, along with mutant alleles at rs1801131, rs4646994, conferred higher risk for CAD.
To investigate the association between 3 major polymorphisms in genes encoding enzymes involved in remethylation of homocysteine to methionine--methionine synthase (MTR) A2756G, methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) A66G, and betaine homocysteine methyltransferase (BHMT) G742A--and CAD, with assessment of small-study bias and differences between studies.
In contrast, the association of the substitutions A2756G of methionine synthase (MTR), A66G of methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) and C776G of transcobalamin (TCN) to both t-Hcys and CAD needs to be evaluated further.
We studied several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in Hcy-regulating genes [methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T and A1298C; methionine synthase (MS) A2756G; methionine synthase reductase (MTRR) A66G] in relation to total plasma Hcy levels, transplant coronary artery disease and thromboembolic episodes in 84 heart transplant patients, and we compared the incidence of these polymorphisms with those in a healthy adult controls.
Our results suggest that neither single mutation nor combined mutations in MTHFR C677T, CBS 844ins68 and MS A2756G represent an independent risk factor for increasing IS and coronary artery disease risks in Chinese population.
Methyltetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C-->T, cystathionine beta synthase (CBS) 68-bp insertion at exon 8, and methionine synthase (MS) 2756A-->G were typed in 685 Australian caucasian patients aged < or =65 years with and without angiographically documented coronary artery disease (CAD).