Cumulative evidence of an association was graded as strong for rs2294008 [odds ratio (OR) = 1.32, P = 5.1 × 10-33], rs2976392 (OR = 1.29, P = 1.8 × 10-8), rs9297976 (OR = 0.75, P = 1.4 × 10-7), rs2976391 (OR = 1.38, P = 6.1 × 10-5) and rs138377917 (OR = 0.53, P = 0.008) with gastric cancer, rs2294008 with bladder cancer (OR = 1.15, P = 8.0 × 10-19), gastritis (OR = 1.35, P = 1.2 × 10-5), duodenal ulcer (OR = 0.68, P = 2.4 × 10-57) and gastric ulcer (OR = 0.88, P = 1.7 × 10-7).
We conducted a case-control association study of <i>H. pylori</i>-infected gastritis and gastric cancer. rs2294008 was associated with the progression to chronic active gastritis (<i>P =</i> 9.4 × 10<sup>-5</sup>; odds ratio = 3.88, TT + TC vs CC genotype), but not with <i>H. pylori</i> infection <i>per se</i> nor with the progression from active gastritis to gastric cancer.
The genotypes (TT, TC and CC) of PSCA single nucleotide polymorphism rs2294008 among H. pylori infected and uninfected Bhutanese were compared with the severity of H. pylori-related gastritis [neutrophils, monocytes, atrophy scores, H. pylori density, and the presence and extent of intestinal metaplasia (IM)] using the updated Sydney system.
Frequency of PSCA rs2294008 C/C genotype in duodenal ulcer was 36.1%, which was significantly higher than those with gastric cancer (12.4%), gastric ulcer (19.0%), gastritis (10.7%), and H. pylori-negatives (19.5%) (p < .001).