Results show that the COMT rs4680 (val(158)met) polymorphism is most strongly associated with outcome measures, such that individuals with the minor A allele (met) exhibit reduced COMT activity, increased TMD risk, and increased musculoskeletal pain.
This study suggests that the Val158Met COMT polymorphism modulated some psychological variables but not pressurepain sensitivity in FMS because women with FMS carrying the Met/Met genotype exhibit higher disability, depression, and anxiety than but similar PPTs to those with Val/Met and Val/Val genotypes.
The findings provide multimeasure and multimethod support for genetic moderation of a maladaptive coping and pain process and suggest that genetic variation in the val(158)met polymorphism may affect fibromyalgia pain through pathways of pain-related cognition.
Genetics-based personalized approaches to pain management have received a setback because of the nonreproducibility of functional genetic associations such as the pain-modulatory effect of the catechol-O-methyl transferase (COMT) gene 472G>A single-nucleotide polymorphism.
Three common haplotypes of the human COMT gene, divergent in two synonymous and one nonsynonymous (val(158)met) position, designated as low (LPS), average (APS), and high pain sensitive (HPS), are associated with experimental pain sensitivity and risk of developing chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions.
The catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) gene contains a functional polymorphism, Val158Met, that has been found to influence human pain perception, and one study has found that migraine was less likely among those with the Val/Val polymorphism.
This suggests that the val(158)met SNP plays a primary role in variation in temporal summation of pain, but that other SNPs of the COMT haplotype exert a greater influence on resting nociceptive sensitivity.