We analyzed gene expression in CD34+ peripheral-blood cells from 19 patients with polycythemia vera, using oligonucleotide microarray technology after correcting for potential confounding by sex, since the phenotypic features of the disease differ between men and women.
Treatment of polycythemia vera (PV) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) CD34(+) cells with low doses of RG7112 and Peg-IFNα 2a before their transplantation into immune-deficient mice decreased the degree of donor-derived chimerism as well as the JAK2V617F allele burden, indicating that these drugs can each alone or in combination deplete MPN HSCs.
Here we demonstrated that elevation of NF-E2 expression in healthy CD34(+) cells to levels observed in PV caused Epo-independent erythroid maturation and expansion of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) and common myeloid progenitor (CMP) cell numbers.
Conversely, exposure of polycythemia veraCD34(+) cells to small interfering RNA against pre-miR-16-2 reduced erythroid colonies and largely prevented formation of erythropoietin-independent colonies; myeloid progenitors remained unaffected.
These factors may contribute to the accumulation of chromosomal aberrations, accumulation of hematopoietic cells (especially of erythropoiesis), and prolongation of CD34+ PBSC life span observed in PV.
Peripheral blood CD34(+) cells isolated from PV patients and healthy controls were grown in liquid culture to expand a population of primary erythroblasts for experiments designed to analyze cellular proliferation, apoptosis, JAK2(V617F) mutation status, cytokine-dependent protein phosphorylation and gene expression profiling using Affymetrix microarrays.
We conclude that the extent of JAK2(V617F) CD34(+) cell clonal dominance is associated with disease phenotype within the MPD and, in PV, is associated with extramedullary disease, leukocytosis, and disease duration.
Three consecutive polycythemia vera (PV) patients were analyzed before and during pegylated-interferon (rIFNalpha) treatment for the following markers: (1) granulocyte and CD34(+) cell clonality, (2) Jak2V617F expression, (3) PRV-1 mRNA overexpression, and (4) Epo-independent colony (EEC) growth.
The present data suggests the JAK2 V617F allele burden as a key determinant of the degree of myeloproliferation and myeloid metaplasia reflected by significantly higher levels of white blood cell counts (WBC) (P = 0.03), CD34 counts (P = 0.03), lactate dehydrogenase and Polycythemia Rubra Vera gene 1 levels (P = 0.03 and P < 0.00001 respectively), as well as lower platelet counts (P = 0.02) and more cases of splenomegaly (P = 0.001) in homozygous PV patients compared to their heterozygous counterparts.
A JAK2 (V617F) gene dosage effect on both CD34(+) cell counts and granulocyte activation was clearly demonstrated in polycythemia vera, where abnormal patterns were mainly found in patients carrying more than 50% mutant alleles.
In this study selected CD34+ peripheral blood (PB) cells from PV patients, PB healthy donors and patients with secondary polycythemia (SP) were investigated and compared concerning frequency, morphology, antigen expression, transcription of differentiation markers and proliferation as well as apoptosis rate following short-term culture.