Dominant mutations in CHCHD10 cause amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)/frontotemporal dementia, and mutations in CHCHD2 have been associated with Parkinson's disease, but the function of these proteins remains unknown.
CHCHD10 is a homolog of CHCHD2; similar to CHCHD2, various mutations of CHCHD10 have been identified in a broad spectrum of neurological disorders, including FTD and AD, with a high frequency of CHCHD10 mutations found in motor neuron diseases.
Considering the clinical phenotype and pathology characterization were overlapped between FTD and Alzheimer disease (AD), and so far, no systematic analysis of CHCHD10 mutation was conducted in patients with AD in Asian population.
Mutations of CHCHD10 are associated with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and/or frontotemporal lobe dementia (FTD), motor neuron disease, and late-onset spinal muscular atrophy and autosomal dominant mitochondrial myopathy.
The present study confirms the role of CHCHD10 and TUBA4A in the FTD-ALS spectrum, although genetic variations in these 2 genes are extremely rare in the Belgian population and often associated with symptomatology of related neurodegenerative diseases including Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.