Newly discovered uterine sarcoma subtypes include high-grade endometrial stromal sarcomas with BCOR genetic abnormalities, fibrosarcoma-like uterine sarcomas with NTRK rearrangements and COL1A-PDGFRB fusions, as well as undifferentiated uterine sarcomas with SMARCA4 mutations.
Herein, we report the clinical, histopathologic, and molecular findings of a germline DICER1-associated ovarian sarcoma in a 5-year-old female, a somatic DICER1-associated metastatic peritoneal sarcoma in a 16-year-old female, and a somatic DICER1-associated primary intracranial sarcoma in a 4-year-old male.
Several central nervous system (CNS) manifestations have also been defined, including metastases of PPB to the cerebrum, pituitary blastoma, pineoblastoma, ciliary body medulloepithelioma, and most recently primary DICER1-associated CNS sarcomas and ETMR-like infantile cerebellar embryonal tumor.
This enabled successful estimation of TP53 penetrance for three LFS cancer types: breast (BR), sarcoma (SA), and others (OT), from 186 pediatric sarcoma families collected at MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)3 and phosphatidylinositol‑4,5‑bisphosphate 3‑kinase, catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) mutations are found in various types of cancer, such as urinary bladder cancer, human papillomavirus‑positive tonsillar and base of the tongue squamous cell carcinoma, breast cancer and some childhood sarcomas.
Exposure of sarcoma and PDX ovarian carcinoma cells to [pazopanib + entinostat] caused a prolonged activation of ERBB1 and transient/prolonged activations of ERBB2, c-KIT, and c-MET, in a cell-specific fashion.
More than 50% of cases stained positive for SATB2 and Pax8, raising the hypothesis of a potential use of these markers in the identification of BCOR-CCNB3 positive undifferentiated/unclassified sarcomas.