NO is synthesized from l-arginine through the action of the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) family of enzymes, which includes three isoforms: endothelial NOS (eNOS), neuronal NOS (nNOS) and inducible NOS (iNOS). iNOS-derived NO has been associated with the pathogenesis and progression of several diseases, including liver diseases, insulin resistance, obesity and diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Another molecule, Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1), a histone/protein deacetylase, regulates endothelial nitric oxide synthase and is involved in different aspects of cardiovascular disease, aging and stress resistance.
With the development of molecular biological technology, the association between genes and diseases has drawn increasing attention of researchers; the endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene has been reported to be a candidate gene for cardiovascular disease (CHD).
These findings indicate that the phosphorylation of eEF1A1 by ROCK2 is physiologically important for eNOS expression and NO-mediated neuroprotection, and suggest that targeting endothelial ROCK2 and eEF1A may have therapeutic benefits in ischemic stroke and cardiovascular disease.
The risk also holds for the G894T and T-786CeNOS gene polymorphisms when excluding patients with dyslipidemia and cardiovascular diseases (p = 1.7·10<sup>-4</sup> and p = 3.2·10<sup>-5</sup> , respectively).
The results of the present study provide evidence that GLP-1, but not GIP, has a protective effect on endothelial function associated with cardiovascular disease, as it is associated with increased eNOS expression and the levels of NO.
We investigated effects of fish-oil supplementation on both classical and novel markers of endothelial function in subjects prospectively genotyped for the Asp298 endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) polymorphism and at moderate risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD).
Endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphisms have been associated with the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, but few studies have evaluated the role of eNOS haplotypes on the risk and prognosis of heart failure (HF).