Relationship assessment and fatigue severity scale scores were found to be the best indicators of depression for the SLE patients (P = .042 and .028, respectively).Fatigue Severity, relationship satisfaction, and IL-10 concentrations are indicators of depression in lupus patients.
We examined relative gene expression of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ) and serum levels of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and IL-23 and their association with SLEDAI (SLE disease activity index) score and organ manifestations in pSLE.
We quantified the mRNA expression of IL-17, -23, -27 and retinoic-acid-related orphan receptor (ROR)-gamma, the regulator for the development and function of TH17, in the urinary sediment of 23 subjects with active lupus nephritis, 25 subjects with a history of lupus nephritis in remission, 30 SLE patients with no history of renal involvement and 8 healthy subjects.
IL10/TNFalpha interaction influences susceptibility to DLE and the appearance of specific autoantibodies in SLE patients, whereas high TNFalpha producer genotypes represent a significant risk factor for SLE.
Thus, increased Th17/Th1 and Th17/Treg ratios were found in SLE patients but not in pAPS patients. pAPS and SLE patients had higher serum IL-6 levels than HC but there was not difference between both disease groups.
Poorer cognitive function was associated with longer SLE disease duration ( p = 0.003) and higher MD ( p = 0.03) and, in adjusted analysis, higher levels of IL-6 ( ß = -0.15, p = 0.02) but not with MD.
The frequency of the interleukin-6 GG and GC genotypes was significantly higher in SLE patients than in controls, and a significantly higher percentage of the G vs C alleles between patients and controls was revealed (odds ratio 2.53, 95% confidence interval 1.37-4.65, chi-squared test 8.16, P < 0.05).
In addition, IL-6 mRNA levels positively correlated and AM mRNA levels negatively correlated with SLE disease activity index and laboratory findings, such as blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, 50% haemolytic unit of complement and urinary excretion of protein over 24 h. Furthermore, IL-6 mRNA levels were negatively correlated with AM mRNA levels within the same LN patients.
We found that (1) exogenous rIL-10 and rIL-4 mediated reduction of constitutive and lectin-induced IL-6 in monocytes of SLE patients as effectively as that of controls; (2) IL-6 mRNA decay was significantly delayed in SLE with active disease (P < 0.001); (3) adding rIL-10 or neutralizing endogenous IL-1 beta and TNF-alpha down-regulated IL-6 mainly by destabilizing IL-6 transcripts, whereas exogenous IL-4 and TGF beta 1 down-regulated IL-6 transcriptionally; (4) time kinetics and levels of IL-10 were lower than those of IL-6 and IL-1 beta.