Results of this study suggest that anti-EGFR therapies should be investigated in prospective clinical trials in different settings in EGFR FISH-positive and, in particular, EGFR-amplified esophageal cancer.
A ligand-based and enediyne-energized bispecific fusion protein targeting epidermal growth factor receptor and insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor shows potent antitumor efficacy against esophageal cancer.
These phase 3 trial results point to little benefit to current EGFR-targeted agents in an unselected patient population, and highlight the need for predictive biomarkers in the treatment of esophageal cancer.
Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction technology (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of VEGF, HER-2, and EGFR mRNA in esophageal squamous cancer tissue of 60 cases and 30 cases of VEGF, HER-2, and EGFR mRNA in esophageal cancer adjacent tissues, and analyze its relationship with clinicopathological features.
More than 50% EGFR-positive EsC and MPM cells were resistant to EGFR-TKI, and susceptibility to EGFR-TKI growth-inhibitory effect correlated positively with expression of E-cadherin (epithelial gene marker) and negatively with mesenchymal gene markers.
In this report, the effect of PYM on EGFR expression in human esophageal cancer cells and the therapeutic efficacy of the combination of PYM and cetuximab on esophageal cancer xenograft were investigated.
We evaluated the antitumor effects of lapatinib, a dual tyrosine kinase inhibitor which simultaneously inhibits EGFR and HER2, 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu) alone and in combination on esophageal cancer cells.
We report the outcome in a series of esophageal cancer patients treated at our center and the results of a retrospective analysis of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression and EGFR/HER2 gene copy numbers taken as possible prognostic and predictive factors.